Thursday, October 1, 2015

Dracula may have been a descendent of Antiochus Epiphanes

Wladisiaus Dragwlya, more commonly known as Vlad III Dracula, Vlad Tepes and Vlad The Impaler, was one of four sons of Vlad II Dracul, who had that surname because of his membership in the Order of the Dragon.

He is best known in the west as the inspiration for the name of Bram Stoker's infamous Vampire Count Dracula. I agree with those who view that connection as in name only, but that's not for here. He is very important to the history of Eastern Europe regardless of the Vampire connection.

Much gets made on the Internet every now and then about claiming certain individuals are modern descendants of Vlad Tepes. From Robert Pattinson (which is funny because he played a vampire in the simultaneous most loved and hated vampire franchise of the past decade, haha) and Queen Elizabeth II of England, Scotland, North Ireland, Canada, Australia, and a bunch of other countries.

The British Monarchs can claim Draculesti Basarab descent starting with Edward VIII and George VI through their mother Mary of Teck. From what I've seen double checking the line in question, Mary of Teck seems to descend from Vlad II Dracul through Vlad IV Calugarul (The Monk), rather then Tepes.

I decided in light of all that to look into the ancestry of Vlad Dracula. The Vampire of Stoker's novel brags of descent from Attila The Hun, to me that's another inconsistency with the actual character of Tepes personality wise, still the possibly of Hunnic descent for Vlad exists, but that's not what most intrigues me.

Vlad II Dracul was the son of Mircea I who was the son of Radu I and Lady Calinica, also known as Ana Calina, Elisabetta Ana Calea, who was born Caliphie. Another son of Radu I was Dan I, founder of the House of Danesti who were rivals of Dracul and Dracula.

The ancestry of Radu I doesn't reveal much interesting, but Lady Calinica is a mystery. She outlived her husband by 56 years, was apparently born in 1367, and is described as a Byzantine Princess but without any elaboration on exactly how she fits into Byzantine Royalty.

John V Palaiologos was Byzantine Emperor (on and off) from 1341-1391. Caliphie doesn't seem likely to be his daughter but possibly a granddaughter. His son Andronikos IV was born in 1348, and in 1355 married his wife Keratsa of Bulgaria. They had a son and two daughters, the two daughters nothing is known about. John V's second son, Manuel II also had two daughters who's names are unknown. I think the odds are high that Caliphie is a descendant of John V, and if not almost certainly someone who shares grandparents with him.

Through Rita his grandmother John V is descended from the Hethumids of Cilician Armenia, who through Isabella of Armenia is descended from the Roupenians of Cilician Armenia. The Roupenians were a branch of the Bagratids of Armenia.  Isabelle also had descent from the Crusader Kings of Jerusalem who had their own connection to the Roupenians.

That's possibly not John V's only connection to the Roupenians, though the other is more disputed. He also descends from Stephen V of Hungry, the son of Bela IV of Hungry, the son of Andrew II of Hungry, the son of Agnes of Antioch, the daughter of Constance of Antioch, the daughter of Alice of Antioch. Who was the daughter of Baldwin II of Jerusalem and Morphia of Meliteni. Morphia was from Armenia and has possible descent from the Roupenians.

The Bagratid dynasty is famous for claiming descent from King David through the near relatives of Jesus of Nazareth. I've argued elsewhere that that claim could have more validity then people realize. But what's more interesting to me is the evidence (I've also discussed before) that the Bagratids are descended through the Arascids of Armenia and Parthia from the Seleucid Dynasty. The same dynasty Daniel 8 seems to link to The Antichrist via the person of Antiochus Epiphanes.

Baldwin II of Jerusalem was probably like most people born into French noble houses a descendant of Charlemagne, but I haven't been able to prove it yet, Wikipedia hasn't even taken his ancestry back to 1000 AD. A claim exists that he was a cousin of Baldwin I and Godfrey (who's descent from Charlemagne is well documented through two separate lines at least), but we have no way of knowing if that statement is true or just propaganda to support his taking succession, and if true if the common ancestor in question would overlap with their descent from Charlemagne. It seems unlikely they were first cousins.

John V is also a descendant of Henry III of Barbant.  Who had descend from the counts of Flanders, Bolougne and Anjou.  As well as from Fredrick Barbarossa.

If Vlad Tepes is indeed a descendant of Charlemagne, then he is a descendant of the Seleucid dynasty, as I have documented Charlemagne's descent from the Seleucids.

For bonus reference I've decided to copy/paste below from material I saw on other sites about the genealogy of Vlad Tepes.
Windsor link to Vlad Dracula
Vlad the Impaler. Died 1507.
- Half brother of:
Vlad IV, known as Vlad the Monk. (1431 - 1495)
-Father of:
Radu IV Prince of Wallachia from (1495 – 1508)
- Father of:
Mircea the Shepherd. Prince of Wallachia. (1479 - 1560).
- Father of:
Princess Stanca Basarab of Wallachia. (1518 - 1601).
-Mother of:
Zamphira Logofat de Szazsebes. (Died 1602).
- Mother of:
Adam Racz de Galgo. (Living 1609).
- Father of:
Peter Racz de Galgo. (1583-1672).
- Father of:
Christina Racz de Galgo.
- Mother of:
Catherine (Katalin) Kuun de Osdola.
- Mother of:
Ágnes Kendeffy de Malmoviz (born 1727).
- Mother of:
Baron Gregor, Inczédy de Nagy-Várad (died 1816).
- Father of:
Baroness Ágnes Inczédy de Nagy-Várad (1788-1856).
- Mother of:
Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (1812-1841).
- Mother of:
Francis, Duke of Teck. (1837–1900).
- Father of:
Princess Mary of Teck, later the Queen consort of King George V (1867-1953).
- Mother of:
George VI (1895 –1952).
- Father of:
Queen Elizabeth II (1926).
- Mother of:
Prince Charles (1948)

According to the books written by Radu R. Florescu and Raymond T. McNally
(DRACULA, PRINCE OF MANY FACES and IN SEARCH OF DRACULA, Dracula's tree comes
from:

1. *Basarab the Great (1310-1352)....

2. *unknown (research needed)

3. *Mircea the Great (a descendant of Basarab) ruled from 1386-1418.
Married: Princess Maria of the Hungarian noble family of Tolmay. Maria
also related to the Cilli family. Barbara Cilli married Sigmund of
Luxemburg(she was his second wife), who was influencial in helping the
offspring of Mircea. In fact, the Count of Sigmund had Vlad live at his court

3. Radu. His son was Dan II.

4. Mihail - Mircea's only legitimate son.

4. Alexandru Aldea, Prince of Moldavia

4. *Vlad II, Dracul (The Devil) Born: before 1395 in Wallachia
Prince of Wallachia 1436-42; 1443-47
Educated in the court of Sigmund I of Luxembourg.
Married Princess Cnejna in 1425. Cnejna was the sister of Prince
Ilias Bogdan II, father of Stephen the Great.

5. Mircea B: 1428 in Germany D: 1447 (buried alive)

5. Dracula, Vlad Tepes "The Impaler"
B: in Wallachia
Prince of Wallachia 1448, 1456-1462, 1476
Married (1) a Transylvanian noblewoman ... who later committed
suicide when their home was captured by enemy forces.
(2) Ilona Szilagy, relative of Matthius Corvinus, King
of Hungary.

5. Radu III, The Handsome (1438/9-1500)
Prince of Wallachia 1462-75

5. Mircea, son by another mistress.
5. Vlad (Mircea) the Monk (?-1496) Son of Catluna, later Mother
Euphrasim, an Abbess. Vlad the Monk had a son Mircea (?-1486)

6(1) Mihnea :the Bad"(son of Vlad the Impaler)
Prince of Wallachia 1508-1510
M: (1) Smaranda (2) Voica
Children of 2nd marriage were: Milos and Mircea II.

6(2) Vlad Dracula, claimant to the Wallachian throne. His son was
Ladislas Dracula.

6(2) Unknown son who died in about 1482, and lived with the Bishop of
Oradea (no heirs)

7 Milos (son of Mihnea "the Bad") nothing is known about him.

7 Mircea II (son of Mihnea "the Bad") Ruled 1509-1510
co-regent with his father in 1509
M: Maria Despina

7 Ladislas Dracula(Son of Vlad Dracula, gson of Vlad the Impaler)
M: a member of Vass de Czege Family. They had land in Banat

8 Alexandru II Mircea (Son of Mircea II) Ruled from 1574-1577.
M: Catherine Salvarezi

8 Peter the Lame, Prince of Moldavia (Son of Mircea II) 1574-1577
M: (1) Maria Amirali
(2) Irina the Gypsy
Heir = Stefanita 

8 Ladislas, Dracula de Sintesti (son of Ladislas Dracula)
(patent of nobility 1535)
M: Anna Vas de Crege

8 John Dracula
M: ?
(patent of nobility 1535)

9 Mihnea II "the Islamized" (son of Alexandru II Mircea) Ruled from
1577-1583
M: (1) Neaga (2) Voica

9 Stefanita (daughter of Peter the Lame)

10 Radu Mihnea (son of Mihnea II "the Islamized)
ruled intermittently 1611-1623 in Wallachia and Moldavia
M: Arghia Minetti

10 John Dracula de Band (Had land in Szekler) 
M: Anna (no heirs)

10 Daughter of George Dracula
M: Getzi family, which kept the Dracula name. Had land in Borgo
Pass
This line dies out in the 17th century...

11 Alexandru "the Cocoon" (?-1632) (son of Radu Mihnea) Ruled 1623-1627
as 
Prince of Wallachia. Prince of Moldavia 1629-30.
D: 1632 without known heirs
M: Ruxandra Beglitzi

11 Mihail, Radu Gioan Bey (?-1660),(son of Radu Mihnea) 
Prince of Wallachia 1658-59
End of male line of Dracula

From Wikipedia
An article in a Romanian newspaper in the 1950s acknowledged the death of the last direct male descendant of Radu Mihnea Voda, Dumitru Radulescu(Radu)- a church, artist painter. However, it is not widely known that female descendents of Radu Mihnea do in fact still live in Bucharest. In fact, the bloodline extends as far as a 10th generation, through the continuing linage of the sister of Dumitru Radu, Rozalia Matilda Radulescu (Radu). She married a pharmacist Gheorghe Moraru and had five children out of which only two survived, Matilda Virginia and Maria-Florica.

Have a fun October, Halloween is approaching.

2 comments:

  1. Fascinating post, especially that Vlad was probably descended from Charlemagne, though I'm not surprised. He was probably the "grandfather" to all of Europe. Happy Halloween!

    ReplyDelete